1. Machu Picchu, Peru
Reasons To Visit Machu Picchu
Probably the most famous tourist attraction of South America. This fascinating Inca ruin located at an altitude of 7972 feet, on the Andes mountain of Peru. Machu Picchu covers an area of 5.09 square miles. The site contains many stone structures, temples, palaces and store rooms.
Machu Picchu was built back in 15th century by Inca emperor Pachacuti. It was abandoned in the 16th century after the invasion of Spanish Army. The site was recovered by American historian Hiram Bingham in 1911. Considering the cultural value, UNESCO enlisted Machu Picchu as a world heritage site in 1983.
Heavy granite blocks are the main material used for the construction of Machu Picchu. Some of such building blocks weigh more than 50 tons.
The most surprising thing about Machu Picchu is no mortar was used for its construction. The huge granite blocks were cut so precisely to fit together tightly.
Hiking the Inca trail is the best way to reach the Machu Picchu. It normally takes 4-5 days to hike the 26 mile long trail. During the journey, you could enjoy the beauty of surrounding mountain and lush forest.